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Nuclear weapons: Nuclear weapons are terribly destructive. Since long time, the great men of the world have been warning the people that human civilization is dangerously in for extinction. Yet, there is a craze among some nations to possess nuclear weapons.
Existing stockpile: At present the stockpile of nuclear weapons is in the hands of the nuclear-powered nations is enough to destroy the animal world several times over. So, there is a global cry to stop proliferation of nuclear weapons.
The world would be safe from the threat of nuclear-weapons, if all the countries decides to destroy their existing stockpile. Unfortunately, they are not prepared to do so. There hangs as a tale.
Indian’s position as a nuclear power: India performed her second round of nuclear tests at Pokhran is May 1998. This caused immediate euphoria. But India has told the world pointblank that her nuclear explosions are not aimed at attacking any country. It is to safeguard its own interests.
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India and Nuclear Weapons
India has repeatedly said it wants peace with its neighbourers and utilise its nuclear option for peaceful purposes. But it must also be prepared to defend itself in case some enemy attacks it. India is no exception. China and Pakistan are India’s neighbours.
They have utilized every resource to prepare themselves in case of a war. China is now not only major nuclear power in Asia, it has also helped Pakistan to develop nuclear weapons. Pakistan has also been enjoying economic and military aid from the U.S.
India, being a big country, too has to make her presence felt in the region. For this to be accomplished, she has been involved in nuclear research since long. India faced a crushing and humiliating defeat in its war with China in 1962, and this has forced her to be prepared for any threat in future. Manufacturing nuclear weapons is very important for India because the world should be made aware that she is not a weak nation and that in times of strife, she can defend her honour.
There are many people who are of the opinion that India should not manufacture nuclear weapons. A peace loving people believe that no country should manufacture nuclear weapons. This is true, but the fact that the world is constantly in a state of uncertainty and the political scene is unpredictable, it is better to be prepared rather than to feel sorry later.
India should not have an aggressive attitude. It should remain committed to peace which means that she should never start a war. She should, however, be adequately prepared to defend herself in case some country attacks her.
Meanwhile at home, nuclear energy can be utilized for peaceful purposes. Many developmental programmes have been started by the government. Nuclear energy is of great use in the field of construction and to dig out various treasures from the earth. It is the need of the day to bring about greater progress and India cannot afford to lag behind. Hence, nuclear power is necessary for India.