Paragraph, Essay and Speech on “Overpopulation” Paragraph for Class 9, Class 10, Class 12 Class and Graduate Exams.


Population comes from the Latin root populus. Populus means a group of people. A population is thus the group of people who live in any given space.

Overpopulation refers to a population that is too large and thus poses a problem. Of course, this depends on the context.

Overpopulation is a major problem in developing countries like India. It is the chief cause for many problems such as poverty, illiteracy, child-labor, child-marriage, etc.

A space may be said to be overpopulated if it is:

Putting a strain on resources like:

Food and


Home to a population that is growing too fast.

Too small for the number of people who want to live there.

The term ‘overpopulation’ is widely used in different contexts as follows:

Household: too many people living under one roof with not enough space for everyone.

Town: too many townspeople and not enough jobs or material resources for them all.

Environment: humans encroaching onto the natural world.

Country wide: mass migration, low death rates and high birth rates cause a country to become overpopulated.

Global: the idea that the population of the planet as a whole is too high.

There is a need to control overpopulation because it:

puts a strain on the food supply,

puts a strain on the climate due to excessive emissions,

strains the economy,

exhausts supplies of fuel, and

strains the water supply.

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