Noise Pollution: Source, Effects and Solution
Noise pollution refers to the disturbing sound that may cause harm to human and animal life.
Sources of Noise Pollution: The indoor sources of Noise Pollution are loudly played music stereos, radio, televisions, grinding machines, etc. The outdoor sources of Noise Pollution commonly referred to as environmental noise comes from airplane, machines, trains, vehicles, industries, etc.
Effect on Human Health: It may affect the mind, health and behaviour. It may cause physically discomfort and temporary or permanent damage to hearing. It causes headache and irritability. Loud speakers not only disturb the student in their studies but also the peace of locality. It may cause deafness, stress and high-blood pressure.
Effect on Animal Health: Animals suffer badly due to noise pollution. At times, it can also lead to death. Noise has impact on the living pattern of the animals and it may push the rare species to extinction. Like humans, they also suffer from temporary or permanent disability of hearing.
Protection: Personal protection against noise can be achieved by covering our ears with a cap, turban or even by spreading out the palms of our hands in excessive noise situations.
Solution: Legislation and public co-operation are essential to check noise pollution. Nobody should be permitted to create noise in silent zones. Noise-producing traffic vehicles should be prevented from plying on the roads. Crackers that create extremely disturbing sound should be discouraged. Standards for noise control measures should be set up for industry and community. The existing ordinances and acts against dangerous form of environmental pollution should be revised from time to time depending upon the changing nature of the sources.