Short Biography, Paragraph of “James Clerk Maxwell” short paragraph for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduate Classes

James Clerk Maxwell

James Clerk Maxwell, (1831-79). Scottish physicist. Maxwell worked out the mathematical basis of Faraday’s theory of the relationship between electricity and magnetism. He also formulated an electromagnetic theory of light, believing that light, electricity, and magnetism were all phenomena of an all-pervasive substance called the ‘ether’. Though the concept of the `ether’ was later abandoned, Maxwell’s work led to major advances in science and technology. He also worked on the kinetic theory of gases and colour vision.



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