Luchino Visconti, full name Count Don Luchino Vis-conti di Modrone (1906-76). Italian film director, who also directed plays and operas. Visconti was born into an aristocratic family and began his career in the performing arts designing sets and costumes. His first film as a director was Ossessione (1942), a neorealist work that shows his Marxist sympathies. He later developed a lavish epic style in such films as Rocco and his Brothers (1960), The Leopard (1963), Death in Venice (1971), and The Innocent (1976).