Virgil, full name Publius Vergilius Maro (70-19 Bc). Roman poet, author of the epic poem the Aeneid, the story of the founding of Rome. The son of a farmer, he lived a quiet life as a member of the court of Augustus. The Eclogues (42-37 Bc), a collection of pastoral poems, were his first major work. He caught a fever , on a visit to Greece and died after finishing only 12 books of the Aeneid. According to legend, he is buried near Naples.