Evelyn Waugh, (1903-66). British novelist and satirist. After graduating from Oxford, he worked as a teacher; his first published work was a biography of the poet Rossetti and his first novel the farcical Decline and Fall (1928). In 1930 he joined the Catholic Church. Most of his early novels, including Vile Bodies (1930), are satirical. Those written after World War II, such as Brideshead Revisited (1945) and the trilogy Men of Arms (1952), Officers and Gentlemen (1955), and Unconditional Surrender (1961), are more serious in content and style.