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Short Biography, Paragraph of “Sir Edward  Heath” short paragraph for Class 12 and Graduate Classes

Sir Edward  Heath Sir Edward  Heath, (1916- ). British Conservative politician; prime minister (1970-74). He served as Lord Privy Seal (1960-63) and president of the Board of Trade (1963-64) before succeeding Sir Alec Douglas-Home as leader of the Conservative party in 1965. As prime minister he successfully negotiated Britain’s entry into the European Economic Community (1973). Nevertheless, confrontations with the striking miners and other trade unions led to his defeat...
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Short Biography, Paragraph of “Seamus  Heaney” short paragraph for Class 12 and Graduate Classes

Seamus  Heaney   Seamus  Heaney, (1939- ). Irish poet and critic. The son of farmers in Northern Ireland, he was educated in Belfast and began to publish in the 1960s. While such early collections as Death of a Naturalist (1966) explore his rural upbringing and family history, later poems, such as those in North (1975), Field Work (1979), and Station Island (1984) deal with complex themes from Irish history and...
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Short Biography, Paragraph of “William  Hazlitt” short paragraph for Class 12 and Graduate Classes

William  Hazlitt   William  Hazlitt, (1778-1830). British essayist. He gave up his early intention to become a Unitarian minister like his father, and instead studied painting. Later he turned to freelance journalism and criticism: his Characters of Shakespeare’s Plays was published in 1817. He is remembered for his lectures and essays on authors and literature, which were collected into such volumes as Table Talk (1821), and his radical journalism. He...
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Short Biography, Paragraph of “Friedrich August von  Hayek” short paragraph for Class 12 and Graduate Classes

Friedrich August von  Hayek   Friedrich August von  Hayek, (1899-1992). British economist, born in Austria. After graduating from the University of Vienna in 1921, Hayek carried out economic research for the Austrian government From the 1930s onwards he held a series of professorships in Britain, the US, and Germany. He became famous out-side academic circles with his book The Road to Serfdom (1944), which argues passionately for an absolutely free...
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Short Biography, Paragraph of “Stephen Hawking” short paragraph for Class 12 and Graduate Classes

Stephen Hawking   Stephen Hawking, (1942- ). British theoretical physicist. Since graduating from Oxford University in the mid 1960s he has held a variety of posts at Cambridge, including Lucasian professor of mathematics (from 1979). He has worked mainly in the field of general relativity and the theory of black holes. In 1974 he demonstrated that black holes – celestial bodies that have undergone total gravitational collapse -emit particles. Hawking...
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Short Biography, Paragraph of “Vaclav  Havel” short paragraph for Class 12 and Graduate Classes

  Vaclav  Havel Vaclav  Havel, (1936— ). Czech statesman, playwright, and essayist. Having been prevented from studying drama because of his anti-communist background, Havel began his career as a stagehand. By the mid -1960s he was writing such absurdist plays as The Garden Party (1963) and The Memorandum (1965) for Prague’s Theatre on the Balustrade. Following the Sovietled invasion of 1968 his work was banned in Czechoslovakia; such later plays...
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Short Biography, Paragraph of “Warren  Hastings” short paragraph for Class 12 and Graduate Classes

Warren  Hastings   Warren  Hastings, (1732-1818). First British governor-general of India. Hastings went to India at the age of 17 and quickly rose in importance. In 1772 he became governor of Bengal and two years later he was appointed governor-general of India. Although an able administrator, he aroused some opposition and on his resignation and return to Britain (1785) he was impeached for corruption and cruelty (1788). The trial dragged...
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Short Biography, Paragraph of “William  Harvey” short paragraph for Class 12 and Graduate Classes

William  Harvey   William  Harvey, (1578-1657). English physician. Harvey was educated at Cambridge and Padua, where he was taught by Fabricius and influenced by Galileo. He returned to England after obtaining his degree (1602), set up his practice and became court physician to James I and Charles I. His prime interest, however, was in medical research and he dissected many species of animals. By examining the heart and blood vessels,,...
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